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The Canadian government has made the announcement regarding the 100th Express Entry draw. It recently, invited 400 candidates in the Federal Skilled Trades Program to migrate to Canada. The E.E. system is in operation for the past four years. In this review we reveal the details of the Express Entry, and the way it has created an impact in the immigration scenario of Canada

EXPRESS ENTRY

Express Entry is a system used for managing the immigration intake and process of applications. It covers three following major immigration programs which use the system: The immigration authorities give a priority to skilled workers, as a majority of these immigrants arrive by using this system.

REASON FOR INTRODUCING EXPRESS ENTRY

Before the introduction of Express Entry, the country had a time based system, to process the immigration applications of skilled workers. It was slow, and experienced major backlogs, where the applicants were forced to wait for years, for the processing of PR Status. This system was introduced with an aim, to address all these issues, and also to create an efficient immigration system. The E.E. uses an electronic system for managing the applications. The candidates submit all documents, personal information, and payments electronically, making it more efficient. Furthermore, it uses system based on points for accepting applications. The best and the most competitive candidates, get the invitation. Furthermore it selects the skilled immigrants, based on the ability to integrate well, into the work force of Canada. Their applications go through the processing stage in a fast manner. For applying through this Express Entry, a candidate needs to first create an E.E profile. This acts as an Expression of Interest for Canadian immigration. Depending upon the information in the profile, candidates get a score, which is the C.R.S. Subsequently, more or less in every two weeks, the government holds a draw, and issues I.T.As, to the candidates having the high C.R.S.

THE PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEM SINCE ITS INTRODUCTION

Express Entry, is an efficient system to manage the immigration applications. Furthermore, it enables the government in processing many immigration applications of qualified and skilled workers. Compared to the past immigration model it has a fast process.

INVITATIONS TO APPLY

So far, Express Entry has issued 213,102 I.T.As. The figures are increasing with the passing of each year of the program. 31,000 I.T.As were issued in 2015, and 86,000 in 2017. The figures may be more in this year, as 62,500 were issued in 2018 so far. The principal applicant, appearing on the Express Entry, file gets an I.T.A. He/she can include the spouse and dependent children in the application.

COMPREHENSIVE RANKING SYSTEM SCORE

The C.R.S. plays an important role to determine success/failure of a candidate in the Express Entry.  In case, this score is below the cut-off threshold, the candidate has to secure a Provincial Nomination, or obtain a job offer in Canada, for seeking an I.T.A. There is a significant decline in the minimum C.R.S. score cut-off after the introduction of the program. In 2015, it was 538 points, in 2016 it touched 491 points and finally in 2017, it was as low as 413 points. In 2018, this score is more stable than before. Many draws had the cut-off in the range of 440.

PROCESSING TIMES

In the initial two years of the program, the processing time was slow, because officials cleared the backlog of existing applications. Moreover, they were getting accustomed to the new system. In 2017, 80% of the applications in F.S.W. and C.E.C. were processed within 4 months. For 80% of the F.S.T. and P.N.P. applicants the processing time was within 6 months.

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